Introduction: The International Diffusion of Liberalism

  title={Introduction: The International Diffusion of Liberalism},
  author={Beth A. Simmons and Frank Dobbin and Geoffrey Garrett},
  journal={International Organization},
  pages={781 - 810}
Political scientists, sociologists, and economists have all sought to analyze the spread of economic and political liberalism across countries in recent decades. This article documents this diffusion of liberal policies and politics and proposes four distinct theories to explain how the prior choices of some countries and international actors affect the subsequent behavior of others: coercion, competition, learning, and emulation. These theories are explored empirically in the symposium… 
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