Introduction: Population Biology, Evolution, and Control of Invasive Species

  title={Introduction: Population Biology, Evolution, and Control of Invasive Species},
  author={Fred W Allendorf and Laura L. Lundquist},
  journal={Conservation Biology},
Invasion by nonindigenous species has been recognized as second only to loss of habitat and landscape fragmentation as a threat to global biodiversity (Walker & Steffen 1997). The economic impact of these species is a major concern throughout the world. For example, an estimated 50,000 nonindigenous species established in the United States cause major environmental damage and economic losses that total over an estimated U.S.$125 billion per year (Pimentel et al. 2000). Management and control of… 

Evolutionary conservation genetics of invasive and endemic parrots

In contrast to mild genetic bottleneck effects, high levels of diversity and the avoidance of problems associated with small population size within populations of invasive ring-necked parakeet, the endemic Seychelles black parrot exhibited a reduction in population size and reduced levels of genetic diversity over time.

Ecology and evolution of invasive maple tree species

This project sought to highlight specific environmental factors, species functional traits and evolutionary processes that drive the success of maple tree invasion based on various methods such as population demography contrasts, meta-analytical statistics and quantitative genetics.

Invasive Species: Genetics, Characteristics and Trait Variation Along a Latitudinal Gradient

Genetics, evolution of higher phenotypic plasticity and local adaptation after introduction of one of the highly invasive species in Europe, Impatiens glandulifera, and trait variation in native and invasive Impatisens species along a latitudinal gradient in Europe are studied.

Understanding the establishment success of non-indigenous fishes: lessons from population genetics

Empirical evidence increasingly suggests that admixture after multiple introductions, hybridization between native and non-native species and enemy release can all catalyse the evolution of invasiveness, and a number of studies suggest that genetic bottlenecks might represent less of genetic paradox than previously thought.

The role of evolution in the invasion process

  • S. Novak
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2007
The research of Lavergne and Molofsky reported in this issue of PNAS examines the factors that contribute to range expansion and the invasiveness of Phalaris arundinacea L. (reed canarygrass) in North America and provides powerful insights into the role of evolution in the invasion process.

A matter of time: Temporal variation in the introduction history and population genetic structuring of an invasive lizard

The delicate skink is expanding its range into the southern regions of the island and the haplotype frequencies on Lord Howe Island are still in a state of highly dynamic flux, highlighting the importance of considering invasions as dynamic and studying them in such a way that enable us to better manage their impacts.

The evolutionary consequences of biological invasions

The evolutionary causes and consequences of biological invasions are examined to examine the mechanisms of success of some invasive species and the growing availability of genomic tools will permit the identification of underlying genetic causes of invasive success.

The ecology and population genetics of introduced deer species

The factors promoting invasion in nonnative deer, and the population genetics of two deer species introduced to Great Britain are examined, indicating that conserving populations across both ranges is important to maintaining their diversity.

Invasive Species, Evolution and

Effect of social structure and introduction history on genetic diversity and differentiation

How social structure can influence the population‐genetic consequences of founder events is revealed, as genetic diversity of both species was strongly reduced in introduced populations, which also differed genetically from native populations.




Modeling a species invasion by examining the interaction between a quantitative genetic trait and population density found that the largest speed of population expansion corresponded to an almost homogeneous spatial environment when this model approached an ecological description such as the Fisher-Skellam's model.

Quantitative genetics in conservation biology.

  • R. Frankham
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Genetical research
  • 1999
There is growing evidence that genetic adaptation to captivity is a major issue in the genetic management of captive populations of endangered species as it reduces reproductive fitness when captive populations are reintroduced into the wild.

Reducing the risks of nonindigenous species introductions.

A though plants and animals have always spread across the globe, expanding their ranges and invading new territories, human civilization has accelerated these biological invasions to an extraordinary

Progress in invasion biology: predicting invaders.

Wildfire and Native Fish: Issues of Forest Health and Conservation of Sensitive Species

Abstract Issues related to forest health and the threat of larger, more destructive wildfires have led to major new initiatives to restructure and recompose forest communities in the western United

Ecological and Genetic Effects of Salmonid Introductions in North America

Stocking of non-native Salmoninae into North American waters began around 1870. Brown trout (Salmo trutta) from Europe established populations across North America and is the only successful

Genetic differences in growth of an invasive tree species

The results of a 14-year common garden experiment with the Chinese Tallow Tree are presented, demonstrating significant post-invasion genetic differences in an invasive plant species.

Environmental and Economic Costs of Nonindigenous Species in the United States

Aproximately 50,000 nonindigenous (non-native) species are estimated to have been introduced to the United States, many of which are beneficial but have caused major economic losses in agriculture, forestry, and several other segments of the US economy, in addition to harming the environment.

Invasive alga reaches California

The results show that the Californian alga is the same as the invasive Mediterranean strain, calling for its rapid eradication to prevent a new invasion.

Genetic architecture of adaptive differentiation in evolving host races of the soapberry bug, Jadera haematoloma

To explore genetic architecture and adaptive evolution of two recently diverged, geographically adjacent races of the soapberry bug, environmental and genetic experiments with purebred, hybrid and backcrossed individuals to describe genetic architecture were conducted.