Introducing the Short Dark Triad (SD3)

  title={Introducing the Short Dark Triad (SD3)},
  author={Daniel N. Jones and Delroy L. Paulhus},
  pages={28 - 41}
Three socially aversive traits—Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy—have been studied as an overlapping constellation known as the Dark Triad. Here, we develop and validate the Short Dark Triad (SD3), a brief proxy measure. Four studies (total N = 1,063) examined the structure, reliability, and validity of the subscales in both community and student samples. In Studies 1 and 2, structural analyses yielded three factors with the final 27 items loading appropriately on their respective… 
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