Introduced herbivores restore Late Pleistocene ecological functions

  title={Introduced herbivores restore Late Pleistocene ecological functions},
  author={Erick J. Lundgren and Daniel Ramp and John Rowan and Owen S Middleton and Simon D. Schowanek and {\'O}scar Sanisidro and Scott P Carroll and Matt Davis and Christopher J. Sandom and Jens‐Christian Svenning and Arian D. Wallach},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  pages={7871 - 7878}
Significance Humans have caused extinctions of large-bodied mammalian herbivores over the past ∼100,000 y, leading to cascading changes in ecosystems. Conversely, introductions of herbivores have, in part, numerically compensated for extinction losses. However, the net outcome of the twin anthropogenic forces of extinction and introduction on herbivore assemblages has remained unknown. We found that a primary outcome of introductions has been the reintroduction of key ecological functions… 

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