Intrinsic ripples in graphene.

  title={Intrinsic ripples in graphene.},
  author={A. Fasolino and J. Los and M. Katsnelson},
  journal={Nature materials},
  volume={6 11},
  • A. Fasolino, J. Los, M. Katsnelson
  • Published 2007
  • Materials Science, Medicine, Physics
  • Nature materials
  • The stability of two-dimensional (2D) layers and membranes is the subject of a long-standing theoretical debate. According to the so-called Mermin-Wagner theorem, long-wavelength fluctuations destroy the long-range order of 2D crystals. Similarly, 2D membranes embedded in a 3D space have a tendency to be crumpled. These fluctuations can, however, be suppressed by anharmonic coupling between bending and stretching modes meaning that a 2D membrane can exist but will exhibit strong height… CONTINUE READING

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