Intrinsic ripples in graphene.

@article{Fasolino2007IntrinsicRI,
  title={Intrinsic ripples in graphene.},
  author={A. Fasolino and Jan H. Los and Mikhail I. Katsnelson},
  journal={Nature materials},
  year={2007},
  volume={6 11},
  pages={
          858-61
        }
}
The stability of two-dimensional (2D) layers and membranes is the subject of a long-standing theoretical debate. According to the so-called Mermin-Wagner theorem, long-wavelength fluctuations destroy the long-range order of 2D crystals. Similarly, 2D membranes embedded in a 3D space have a tendency to be crumpled. These fluctuations can, however, be suppressed by anharmonic coupling between bending and stretching modes meaning that a 2D membrane can exist but will exhibit strong height… 

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We study the effect of the out-of-plane deformations on the electronic and transport properties of particular graphene nanostructures. Specifically, we consider graphene nanoribbon, hexagonal and

Atomically sharp non-classical ripples in graphene

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Functionalization of group-14 two-dimensional materials

  • M. Krawiec
  • Physics
    Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal
  • 2018
This topical review explores structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Xenes and addresses the question of their functionalization in various ways, including external factors acting simultaneously, which points to future directions to be explored in functionalization of Xene.
...

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