Intrinsic Motivation and Rewards: What Sustains Young Children's Engagement with Text?

  title={Intrinsic Motivation and Rewards: What Sustains Young Children's Engagement with Text?},
  author={Barbara A. Marinak and Linda B. Gambrell},
  journal={Literacy Research and Instruction},
  pages={26 - 9}
This study investigated the effects of reward proximity and choice of reward on the reading motivation of third-grade students as measured by indicators of task persistence. The major finding from this study was that students who were given a book as a reward and students who received no reward were more motivated to engage in subsequent reading than students who received a token reward. The results of the present study revealed that the proximity of the reward to the desired behavior is a… 

The Impact of Extrinsic Reward on Learners’ Performance and Motivation in Reading

This work examines the impact of extrinsic reward, as a motivation strategy, on students’ L2 reading motivation and performance. A total sample of 91 second year LMD students of English as a foreign

The use of incentives for motivating students to read.

Motivating students to read seems to be a near universal problem for teachers. To address that problem, the question for this research synthesis is, what does research say about the relationship

Children's theories of motivation.

A review of reading motivation scales

Reading motivation is a critical contributor to reading achievement and has the potential to influence its development. Educators, researchers, and evaluators need to select the best reading

Motivating Children to Read and Write: Using Informal Learning Environments as Contexts for Literacy Instruction

The current focus on measurable reading achievement in clearly defined areas, such as fluency and comprehension, has resulted in reduced attention toward motivation and affect in relation to literacy

Early Years Education: Are Young Students Intrinsically or Extrinsically Motivated Towards School Activities? A Discussion about the Effects of Rewards on Young Children's Learning.

Rewards can reinforce and at the same time forestall young children’s willingness to learn. However, they are broadly used in the field of education, especially in early years settings, to stimulate

Impact of parenting, reward, and prior achievement on task persistence

Factors that Influence Students' Motivation to Read Across Grade Levels

The findings show that these students not only read for different reasons, but also display different levels of motivation and behaviors during reading activities.

Efficacy of reward allotment on children's motivation and learning

The present study assesses the effects of reward allotment for a highly motivating game through the examination of students’ variations in response to different schedules of reinforcement. Fiftyfour

Courageous Reading Instruction: The Effects of an Elementary Motivation Intervention

ABSTRACT In an attempt to more clearly understand the erosion of engagement in some readers, a number of researchers (J. Brophy, 2008; J. Guthrie, 2010; K. Mohr, 2006) and organizations (Education



Rethinking the value of choice: a cultural perspective on intrinsic motivation.

In 2 studies, personal choice generally enhanced motivation more for American independent selves than for Asian interdependent selves, and Anglo American children showed less intrinsic motivation when choices were made for them by others than when they made their own choices, whether the others were authority figures or peers.

Reinforcement, Reward, and Intrinsic Motivation: A Meta-Analysis

This article reviews research on the effects of reinforcement/reward on intrinsic motivation. The main meta-analysis included 96 experimental studies that used between-groups designs to compare

Reward-Induced Decrements and Increments in Intrinsic Motivation

The circumstances under which rewards undermine or enhance intrinsic interest are examined. It emerges that the recipient’s perception of the functions of the dispensed reward is critically

Intrinsic motivation and the process of learning: Beneficial effects of contextualization, personalization, and choice.

This experiment examined the effects on the learning process of 3 complementary strategies—contextualization, personalization, and provision of choices—for enhancing students' intrinsic motivation.

Academic Intrinsic Motivation in Elementary and Junior High School Students.

Results of three studies are presented that demonstrate the significance of academic intrinsic motivation for children's education. As predicted, academic intrinsic motivation was found to be

Incentives: The effects on the reading motivation of fourth‐grade students

Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of various incentives on the reading motivation of fourth‐grade students. The students involved in the study attended an elementary

Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation : the search for optimal motivation and performance

C. Sansone and J.M. Harackiewicz, Looking Beyond Rewards: The Problem and Promise of Intrinsic Motivation. Are the Costs of Rewards Still Hidden: A New Look at an Old Debate: R.M. Ryan and E.L. Deci,

A meta-analytic review of experiments examining the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation.

A meta-analysis of 128 studies examined the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation, finding that Tangible rewards tended to be more detrimental for children than college students, and verbal rewards tend to be less enhancing for children compared with college students.

Assessing Motivation to Read

For most classroom teachers, recognizing when students are engaged in literacy activities – and perhaps more glaringly, when they are not – is a process that is key to evaluating the potential