Intravenous Regional Ketorolac and Lidocaine in the Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome of the Lower Extremity: A Randomized, Double-blinded, Crossover Study

  title={Intravenous Regional Ketorolac and Lidocaine in the Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome of the Lower Extremity: A Randomized, Double-blinded, Crossover Study},
  author={Maxim S Eckmann and Somayaji Ramamurthy and James G Griffin},
  journal={The Clinical Journal of Pain},
Background and ObjectivesIntravenous regional blocks (IVRBs) with ketorolac and lidocaine have been reported to be useful in the treatment of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). This is the first controlled prospective study of IVRB with lidocaine and ketorolac for treatment of pain and edema in CRPS of the lower extremity in adults. MethodsA prospective, randomized, double-blinded, crossover design was used. The primary outcome was overall pain numeric rating scale (NRS) at 1 week… 

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