We have reported [1,2] in immature golden hamster testis that 5 beta-reductase is localized in the seminiferous tubules, while 5a-reductase is present in the interstitial tissue and that the 17 beta-ol-dehydrogenase activity is found predominantly in the seminiferous tubules. In the present study, we show the intratubular localization of these enzymes. The left testis of golden hamster was irradiated with 2000R or 8000R of X-rays at 22 days of age. The hamsters were killed at 28 days of age. Homogenates of the left irradiated and right intact testes were incubated with [14C]-4-androstone-3,17-dione and NADPH, and enzyme activity was estimated. Both testes were also examined histologically. The X-irradiation of the testis resulted in an almost complete disappearance of germ cells with a significant decrease in testis weight, but the interstitial tissue and tubular nongerm cells including Sertoli cells remained almost unchanged. However, the activities of 5 beta-reductase and 17 beta-ol-dehydrogenase expressed as nmol formed/testis/h did not decrease at all. These results show that 5 beta-reductase is localized in the tubular nongerm cells including the Sertoli cells and 17 beta-ol-dehydrogenase is present in the tubular nongerm cells and interstitial tissue in immature golden hamster testis.