Intrathecal ziconotide and opioid combination therapy for noncancer pain: an observational study.

@article{Deer2009IntrathecalZA,
  title={Intrathecal ziconotide and opioid combination therapy for noncancer pain: an observational study.},
  author={Timothy Ray Deer and Christopher Kisok Kim and Richard G Bowman and Diana Tolentino and Colin D M Stewart and Wilfrido Tolentino},
  journal={Pain physician},
  year={2009},
  volume={12 4},
  pages={E291-6}
}
BACKGROUND Intrathecal ziconotide is used to manage severe chronic pain. Although ziconotide is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for monotherapy, it is sometimes used in combination with other intrathecal drugs for the management of intractable pain conditions in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES Evaluate the safety and tolerability of ziconotide combination therapy. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective, observational study. SETTING A single center. METHODS Patients with severe… CONTINUE READING
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