Intrathecal treatment in cancer patients unresponsive to multiple trials of systemic opioids.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical response to a combination of intrathecal morphine and levobupivacaine in advanced cancer patients who were highly opioid-tolerant, being previously treated with multiple opioid trials unsuccessfully. Initial intrathecal morphine dose was calculated from the previous opioid consumption using a morphine oral… (More)