Intratendinous ossification in birds: A review

@article{Berge1995IntratendinousOI,
  title={Intratendinous ossification in birds: A review},
  author={James C. Vanden Berge and Robert W. Storer},
  journal={Journal of Morphology},
  year={1995},
  volume={226}
}
Intratendinous ossification (tenostosis; Tendo ossificans) is a distinct structural form feature of the avian musculoskeletal system with different definitions in terms of morphogenesis, resultant morphology, and functional role(s). Interpretation of these structural elements and their pattern(s) among avian taxa at different systematic levels is reviewed with regard to age‐related changes in tendon, form features in avian phylogeny, and adaptive features in biomechanics and kinematics of… 
Sesamoids in tetrapods: the origin of new skeletal morphologies
TLDR
A dynamic model is proposed to account for part of skeletal phenotypic diversity: during evolution, sesamoids can become displaced, attaching to and detaching from the long bone epiphyses and diaphysis.
Histological evidence for a supraspinous ligament in sauropod dinosaurs
TLDR
The formation of this structure appears to have been a non-pathological metaplastic ossification, possibly induced by the continuous tensile forces applied to the element.
Biomechanics of ossified tendons in ornithopod dinosaurs
TLDR
The lattice of ossified tendons stiffened the trunk and tail nearly equally in Brachylophosaurus, indicating the evolution of a postural function by passively supporting the epaxial musculature in maintaining a horizontal vertebral column.
THE HISTOLOGY OF OSSIFIED TENDON IN DINOSAURS
TLDR
Despite various anatomical locations and large differences in body size, ossified tendons were found to possess uniform microstructure even in specimens that do not normally experience intratendinous ossification (such as Spinostropheus and Camarasaurus).
Anatomy and Histology of the Fibrocartilago humerocapsularis in Some Species of European Wild Birds
TLDR
From the data obtained in this study, there does not appear to be any correlation between ossification and the weight of the prey lifted, wing shape, and aging, and in fact, in the Hooded Crow, the oSSification seemed to be correlated with the mechanical stimulation of flying.
HISTOLOGIC DETERMINATION OF ONTOGENETIC PATTERNS AND PROCESSES IN HADROSAURIAN OSSIFIED TENDONS
TLDR
Tendon histology indicates that hadrosaurian ossified tendons developed in step with the skeletal system and that ossification was not induced by biomechanical stresses.
Evolution of the patellar sesamoid bone in mammals
TLDR
A meta-analysis takes an initial step toward a conclusive synthesis of form, function, development and genetics across mammalian evolution by collating available data and elucidating areas of promising future inquiry.
Occurrence and distribution of sesamoid bones in squamates: a comparative approach
TLDR
Developmental data on two squa-mate species are discussed, data on the onset of the squamate sesamoids and the mus-cles they are associated to are provided, and the results show that Mabuya mabouya and Liolaemus albiceps exhibited rather similar ontogenetic patterns.
Articular soft tissue anatomy of the archosaur hip joint: Structural homology and functional implications
TLDR
The osteological correlates identified here will inform systematic and functional analyses of archosaur hindlimb evolution and provide the anatomical foundation for biomechanical investigations of joint tissues.
Thoracic epaxial muscles in living archosaurs and ornithopod dinosaurs.
  • C. Organ
  • Biology, Medicine
    The anatomical record. Part A, Discoveries in molecular, cellular, and evolutionary biology
  • 2006
TLDR
A phylogenetic perspective is used to determine muscle homologies in living archosaurs (birds and crocodylians), evaluate how the apparent disparity evolved, and reconstruct the thoracic epaxial muscles in ornithopod dinosaurs.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 196 REFERENCES
The growth rate of the tarsometatarsus bone in birds
TLDR
The variation in bone growth rates amongst the Class Aves was examined as a step towards learning about the aetiology of growth deformities, and terrestrial and arboreal birds had relatively longer legs than aquatic and aerial ones.
A fine structural study of the development of the chick flexor digital tendon: a model for synovial sheathed tendon healing.
TLDR
The development of the synovial sheathed flexor digital tendon in the chick was studied by light and electron microscopy in 12-day embryos to 22-day post-hatched chickens to appear appropriate for the experimental study of tendon injuries related to the human hand.
The Vascularization of the Human Flexor Pollicis Longus Tendon
TLDR
There seemed to exist a non-interrupted intrinsic longitudinal vascular system in the tendon, and the vessels were located in those parts of the tendon which are not subjected to friction.
Migration of tendinous insertions. I. Cause and mechanism.
  • J. Dörfl
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of anatomy
  • 1980
The cause and mechanisms of the migration of tendons and ligaments were studied in young rabbits. Three techniques were used: (1) Marking of insertions, the neighbouring periosteum and the diaphysis
Tensile properties of calcified and uncalcified avian tendons
TLDR
The mechanical properties of turkey and heron leg tendons have been investigated in dynamic tensile tests and the contribution made by elastic strain energy storage to lowering the cost of running is reduced.
Comparative anatomy and significance of the sesamoid bone of the peroneus longus muscle (os peroneum).
TLDR
The os peroneum appears as a regressive form of the typical bone observed in the above families, which is in the process of disappearing, probably in relation to the disappearance of the functional importance of the peroneus longus muscle to the loss of the hallux opposability.
Migration of tendinous insertions. II. Experimental modifications.
  • J. Dörfl
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of anatomy
  • 1980
TLDR
It is concluded that the direct cause of the migration of muscular and ligamentous insertions is periosteal growth.
Ossification and mineralization in the tendons of the chicken (Gallus domesticus).
  • O. Abdalla
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of anatomy
  • 1979
TLDR
The development of ossification of the tendons has been described and the appearance of osteoblasts and resorption cavities and then the latter became lined by osteoblast, and osteones were formed.
Fused Thoracic Vertebrae in Birds
TLDR
The notarium, a group of fused thoracic vertebrae, is characteristic of birds of five orders and is found in one or more families of five more orders of non-passerine birds and the presence of a notarium in several groups is discussed.
Evolution and functional significance of tendon ossification in woodcreepers (Aves: Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptinae)
TLDR
Structural and phylogenetic patterns are consistent with the view that hindlimb tendon ossification in woodcreepers is an adaptation to resist increased forces that act to extend the limb during vertical climbing.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...