Intraoperative neurophysiologic methods for spinal cord stimulator placement under general anesthesia.

@article{Shils2012IntraoperativeNM,
  title={Intraoperative neurophysiologic methods for spinal cord stimulator placement under general anesthesia.},
  author={Jay L. Shils and Jeffery E Arle},
  journal={Neuromodulation : journal of the International Neuromodulation Society},
  year={2012},
  volume={15 6},
  pages={560-71; discussion 571-2}
}
OBJECTIVES   To demonstrate that spinal cord stimulators (SCSs) may be placed safely and accurately under general anesthesia (GA) and that the proposed evaluation method activates structures predominantly in the dorsal columns. MATERIALS AND METHODS   Data were retrospectively analyzed from 172 electrodes implanted with spinal cord SCSs at the Lahey Clinic between September 2008 and July 2011. All patients had their SCS placed under GA. Electromyography was recorded from upper or lower limb… CONTINUE READING
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