Intraoperative near infrared fluorescence guided identification of the ureters using low dose methylene blue: a first in human experience.

Abstract

PURPOSE Near infrared fluorescence imaging is a promising technique that offers real-time visual information during surgery. In this study we report the first clinical results to our knowledge of ureteral imaging using near infrared fluorescence after a simple peripheral infusion of methylene blue. Furthermore, we assessed the optimal timing and dose of… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.juro.2013.02.3187

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