Intraoperative evaluation of anteroposterior and rotational stabilities in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: lower femoral tunnel placed single-bundle versus double-bundle reconstruction

@article{Kanaya2009IntraoperativeEO,
  title={Intraoperative evaluation of anteroposterior and rotational stabilities in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: lower femoral tunnel placed single-bundle versus double-bundle reconstruction},
  author={Atsushi Kanaya and Mitsuo Ochi and Masataka Deie and Nobuo Adachi and Makoto Nishimori and Atsuo Nakamae},
  journal={Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy},
  year={2009},
  volume={17},
  pages={907-913}
}
Twenty-six patients with anteroposterior (AP) laxity of the knee, associated with torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), were prospectively randomized for arthroscopic lower femoral tunnel placed single- or double-bundle reconstruction using hamstring tendons. We evaluated AP and rotational stabilities under regular loads (a 100-N anterior load and a 1.5-N m external–internal load) before and after ACL reconstruction, comparing single- and double-bundle reconstruction with our original device… CONTINUE READING