Intraocular vaccination with an inactivated highly pathogenic avian influenza virus induces protective antibody responses in chickens.


Because it is expected to induce cross-reactive serum and mucosal antibody responses, mucosal vaccination against highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is potentially superior to conventional parenteral vaccination. Here, we tested whether intraocular vaccination with an inactivated AI virus induced protective antibody responses in chickens. Chickens… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.vetimm.2012.10.005


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