Intraocular pressure fluctuations in professional brass and woodwind musicians during common playing conditions

  title={Intraocular pressure fluctuations in professional brass and woodwind musicians during common playing conditions},
  author={G. Schmidtmann and Susanne Jahnke and Egbert J. Seidel and Wolfgang Sickenberger and H. J. Grein},
  journal={Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology},
BackgroundWe investigated the effects on intraocular pressure (IOP) and blood pressure (BP) of playing brass and woodwind instruments by monitoring IOP and BP in a representative group of professional musicians under a variety of common playing conditions.MethodsIOP and BP measurements were recorded from 37 brass and 15 woodwind instrument players, before and after playing tones of low, middle and high frequency. We also measured IOP and BP before and during playing common exercises of 10… 
Intraocular Pressure Fluctuations and 24-Hour Continuous Monitoring for Glaucoma Risk in Wind Instrument Players
IOP often rises after playing wind instruments, but similar or even higher IOP levels seem to occur during common other daily activities or at night, which may be relevant forglaucomatous field progression and treatment of glaucoma patients.
Central retinal venous pressure is higher than intraocular pressure during amateur trumpet playing
Amateur trumpet playing increases CRVP, airway pressure and IOP, and the increase in CRVP seems to be more important for retinal perfusion changes during trumpet playing than the increase of IOP.
Visual Field Changes in Professional Wind versus Non-wind Musical Instrument Players in the Philadelphia Orchestra
Among members of the Philadelphia Orchestra, the difference in prevalence of glaucoma suspicious optic discs between wind and non-wind instrument players was not significant, and the clinical significance of the greater visual field mean defect found in wind instrument players needs further investigation.
Intraocular pressure fluctuation during resistance exercise
There is a transient and dramatic fluctuation in IOP with resistance training, which coupled with regular exposure to resistance training is potentially a significant risk factor for glaucoma.
Intraoral Pressure in Ethnic Wind Instruments
Results show that ethnic wind instruments, with the exception of ethnic reed instruments, have generally lower intraoral pressure requirements than Western classicalWind instruments, which implies a lower risk of the health issues related to high intraoral Pressure.
The intraocular pressure response to lower-body and upper-body isometric exercises is affected by the breathing pattern
Findings reveal that glaucoma patients or those at risk should avoid activities in which the breath is held, especially when combined with physical exercise modalities that also promote an increment in IOP values (e.g. isometric contractions).
Change in Intraocular Pressure and Ocular Perfusion Pressure Due to Trendelenburg Positioning.
It is confirmed that steep Trendelenburg positioning causes an increase in IOP and a decrease in MOPP in almost all eyes and will inform clinical education and provide foundational knowledge for future investigations.
The retinal venous pressure at different levels of airway pressure
A nonlinear relationship between RVP and AirP was found during VM and small rises in AirP increase the R VP and affect retinal circulation.
[Music and Glaucoma].
  • N. Plange
  • Medicine
    Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde
  • 2017
The influences of music on humans, altered personality profiles in patients with glaucoma and the studies showing some effect of stress on intraocular pressure stress the relevance of psychological support for glauca patients, who are confronted with a disease with a high longterm risk of blindness.
This study was aimed to reveal the intraocular pressure of a bamboo wind instrument players  from Pinapalangkou village - South Minahasa, and it was found that there were 3 people that had an increase of IOP and 28 people who had normal IOP.


Tuba players reproduce a Valsalva maneuver while playing high notes
It is indicated that blowing notes on a tuba reproduces the cardiovascular changes seen with a Valsalva maneuver with the effects of blowing high notes being close to a classic (40 mmHg) Vals alva maneuver, and the baroreflex sensitivity might be a predictor of the ability to surmount the BP intolerance that could occur during wind instrument playing.
Pulmonary function in singers and wind-instrument players.
There was evidence of a heightened awareness of health among singers, who exercised more and smoked less than their colleagues and the differences in health habits may account in part for the myth of improved pulmonary volumes among singers.
Circulatory Effects of Trumpet Playing
It is well known among professional trumpeters that playing high loud notes for more than a few seconds may cause dizziness or "black-out," so it seemed worth while to obtain continuous records of the pressures blown and their consequent circulatory effects.
Maximum respiratory pressures in trumpet players.
It is concluded that in young trumpet players, maximum respiratory pressures are higher than in young people who do not play wind instruments, most probably a consequence of respiratory muscle training with a wind instrument.
Does Smoking Affect Intraocular Pressure? Findings from the Blue Mountains Eye Study
Intraocular pressure was significantly associated with current smoking, after adjusting for age and sex, and this association remained unchanged after simultaneous adjustment for other variables associated with intraocular pressure.
Ocular pressure patterns in the Valsalva maneuver.
It has been recognized that alterations in the venous pressure in the head and eye are associated with similar changes in the ocular pressure, as illustrated by the elevation of intraocular pressure when the jugular vein is compressed or the vortex or anterior ciliary veins are ligated.
French-horn hypertension.
To the Editor: A 47-year-old beginning French-horn player experienced dizziness when he played notes higher than G. He was otherwise in good health except for essential hypertension, which was being
Intraocular pressure and systemic blood pressure in the elderly.
Systolic pressure rather than diastolic or mean pressure was most closely correlated with intraocular pressure and it is suggested that the systolic head of pressure increases the filtrated fraction of aqueous humour to cause a small but sustained rise in intraocular Pressure.