We evaluated 21 eyes of 13 infants between two and eight months old who had primary posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for congenital cataracts between 1988 and 1993. Twelve eyes had a posterior capsulorhexis or plaque peeling at the time of implantation and one eye had a vitrectomy. Eight eyes had no posterior capsule procedure during the initial surgery. Follow-up ranged from six months to five years. All eyes developed one or multiple posterior synechias and all, except one, required secondary capsulectomy and vitrectomy between one month and one year. Twenty eyes attained stable IOL fixation and a clear visual axis. In one eye, the IOL decentered downward. Patients with bilateral cataracts had greater visual improvement than those with a cataract in one eye only. No patient could manage spectacles postoperatively. Our findings show the benefits of posterior capsulectomy and anterior vitrectomy done in the early postoperative period and that IOL implantation in infants is a reasonable treatment in some parts of the world.