Intranasal toxicity of selected absorption enhancers.


The intranasal toxicity of selected absorption enhancers (LPC, DM beta CD, N-trimethyl chitosan chloride (TMC) and chitosan hydrochloride) were determined in vivo by investigating the acute microscopic toxic potential on the morphology of rat nasal epithelium with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and in vitro by measurement of the ciliary beat frequency (CBF), of human ciliated nasal epithelium. TEM evaluations showed that LPC (1% w/v) caused severe epithelial damage and pyknosis. No damage to the rat nasal epithelium was caused by the other absorption enhancers. CBF measurements showed that LPC resulted in total loss of ciliated cells while DM beta CD, TMC and chitosan hydrochloride did not cause any major changes in CBF.


Citations per Year

325 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 325 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Haffejee2001IntranasalTO, title={Intranasal toxicity of selected absorption enhancers.}, author={N Haffejee and Jeanetta du Plessis and D. Guillemaud Mueller and Collette M. Schultz and Awie F. Kotz{\'e} and Colleen Goosen}, journal={Die Pharmazie}, year={2001}, volume={56 11}, pages={882-8} }