Intranasal booster vaccination against diphtheria and tetanus in man.


The booster responses of three different formulations of intranasal (i.n.) diphtheria-tetanus (D-T) vaccines were determined in military recruits and compared with a conventional subcutaneous D-T vaccine. The vaccines for mucosal delivery were sprayed into one nostril and contained D and T toxoids in an enhancer mixture of polysorbate and caprylic/capric… (More)