It has been generally accepted that platelets play etiological roles for the development of atherosclerosis and arterial thrombosis. Platelet activation may be dependent upon the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), and regulated by PGI2 and endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) released by vascular endothelium. We have studied here the effect of endothelial cells (EC) on platelet activation and intracellular Ca2+ mobilization. Effluent of non-stimulated EC column inhibited thrombin-induced platelet aggregation and intracellular Ca2+ mobilization. An addition of this effluent to platelet suspension leaded to increase in intraplatelet cyclic AMP (cAMP) which was inhibited by the treatment of indomethacin to EC, suggesting that this effect was involved in PGI2 released by EC. On the other hand, effluent of thimerosal-stimulated EC column inhibited platelet aggregation and increase in [Ca2+]i stimulated with thrombin, and leaded to increase in intraplatelet cyclic GMP (cGMP). But the treatment of indomethacin to EC had no effect of this inhibition. The effect of thimerosal-stimulated EC was inhibited by the addition of 1-NG-monomethylarginine (NMA), EDRF/NO inhibitor, suggesting that EDRF released by thimerosal-stimulated EC produced an increase in cGMP and inhibited platelet activation. Although forskolin-induced in cAMP caused a marked prevention of inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate (IP3) production stimulated with thrombin, 8-bromo cGMP and EDRF-induced increase in cGMP had no effect of IP3 production. An increase in cAMP and cGMP was considered to inhibit intracellular Ca2+ mobilization by different mechanisms in platelets.