Intra-rater reliability of the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS) in the assessment of upper-limb muscle spasticity.

@article{Ansari2012IntraraterRO,
  title={Intra-rater reliability of the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS) in the assessment of upper-limb muscle spasticity.},
  author={Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari and Soofia Naghdi and Masoud Mashayekhi and Scott Michael Hasson and Zahra Fakhari and Shohreh Jalaie},
  journal={NeuroRehabilitation},
  year={2012},
  volume={31 2},
  pages={215-22}
}
The aim of this study was to investigate the intra-rater reliability of the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS) in the upper limb of patients with hemiparesis and to determine the effect of pain and contracture presence on the reliability of the MMAS. For this test-retest study 30 patients with hemiparesis were included. One physiotherapist using the MMAS, randomly rated the spasticity of shoulder adductors, elbow flexors, and wrist flexors in the affected upper limb of each patient with… CONTINUE READING

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