Intra-cardiac echocardiography (ICE) is used to guide percutaneous interventions on the atrial septum. However, ICE catheters are expensive. We questioned the impact of the use of ICE catheters on hospitalization costs for patent foramen ovale (PFO) or atrial septal defect (ASD) closure.
METHODS AND RESULTS
Patients, scheduled for atrial septal… (More)