Enhanced proteolytic clearance of plasma Aβ by peripherally administered neprilysin does not result in reduced levels of brain Aβ in mice.
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by extracellular amyloid deposits in the brain at both vascular sites (cerebrovascular amyloid, CVA) and within the neuropil (plaques). In the present study we demonstrated that brain amyloid of aged non-human primates is efficiently detected by [125I]A beta in vitro, and assessed the detection of that amyloid in vivo by intravascular infusion of [125I]A beta. Aged squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) were anesthetized and infused intra-arterially with [125I]A beta, and sacrificed 2 h later. Analysis of the anterior frontal and temporal cortices by autoradiography demonstrated that [125I]A beta was deposited on CVA and that essentially every amyloid deposit which could be detected with thioflavin S or anti-A beta antibodies was also labeled by [125I]A beta. These experiments suggest that intravascular infusion of radiolabeled A beta can be used to detect and image amyloid deposits in the human AD brain.