Intoxication Delirium following Use of Synthetic Cathinone Derivatives

  title={Intoxication Delirium following Use of Synthetic Cathinone Derivatives},
  author={Thomas M Penders and Richard E Gestring and Dmitry A Vilensky},
  journal={The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse},
  pages={616 - 617}
Background: In published reports of hallucinatory delirium following use of “bath salts” analytic laboratory testing has demonstrated the synthetic cathinone derivative methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV). MDPV can cause a false-positive screening immunoassay result for phencyclidine (PCP). Patients using MDPV are prone to development of the syndrome of excited delirium (ExD), a condition also described with PCP. Objective: This review summarize reports from several series of cases of delirium… 

The syndrome of excited delirium following use of "bath salts".

  • T. Penders
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The Journal of clinical psychiatry
  • 2013
It appears, however, that the cases described over the past 30 years involve dysregulation of dopamine and norepinephrine and do not result in a classical serotonin syndrome.

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  • D. Mash
  • Psychology, Medicine
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  • 2016
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  • Medicine
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