Intonation in unaccompanied singing: accuracy, drift, and a model of reference pitch memory.

@article{Mauch2014IntonationIU,
  title={Intonation in unaccompanied singing: accuracy, drift, and a model of reference pitch memory.},
  author={Matthias Mauch and K. Frieler and S. Dixon},
  journal={The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America},
  year={2014},
  volume={136 1},
  pages={
          401-11
        }
}
This paper presents a study on intonation and intonation drift in unaccompanied singing, and proposes a simple model of reference pitch memory that accounts for many of the effects observed. Singing experiments were conducted with 24 singers of varying ability under three conditions (Normal, Masked, Imagined). Over the duration of a recording, ∼50 s, a median absolute intonation drift of 11 cents was observed. While smaller than the median note error (19 cents), drift was significant in 22% of… Expand
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