Intestinal Escherichia coli colonization in a mallard duck population over four consecutive winter seasons.

@article{Rdiger2015IntestinalEC,
  title={Intestinal Escherichia coli colonization in a mallard duck population over four consecutive winter seasons.},
  author={Stefan R{\"o}diger and Toni Kramer and Ulrike Fr{\"o}mmel and Joerg Weinreich and Dirk Roggenbuck and Sebastian A. G{\"u}nther and Katharina Schaufler and Christian Schroeder and Peter Schierack},
  journal={Environmental microbiology},
  year={2015},
  volume={17 9},
  pages={3352-61}
}
We report the population structure and dynamics of one Escherichia coli population of wild mallard ducks in their natural environment over four winter seasons, following the characterization of 100 isolates each consecutive season. Macro-restriction analysis was used to define isolates variously as multi- or 1-year pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) types. Isolates were characterized genotypically based on virulence-associated genes (VAGs), phylogenetic markers, and phenotypically based on… CONTINUE READING
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