Interventions to Facilitate Auditory, Visual, and Motor Integration in Autism: A Review of the Evidence

@article{Dawson2000InterventionsTF,
  title={Interventions to Facilitate Auditory, Visual, and Motor Integration in Autism: A Review of the Evidence},
  author={Geraldine Dawson and Renee Watling},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
  year={2000},
  volume={30},
  pages={415-421}
}
  • G. Dawson, R. Watling
  • Published 1 October 2000
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Evidence is reviewed on the prevalence of sensory and motor abnormalities in autism and the effectiveness of three interventions designed to address such abnormalities—sensory integration therapy, traditional occupational therapy, and auditory integration training. Although sensory processing and motor abnormalities are neither universal nor specific to autism, the prevalence of such abnormalities in autism is relatively high. There is, however, little controlled research on the effectiveness… 
Effectiveness of sensory integration interventions in children with autism spectrum disorders: a pilot study.
TLDR
This pilot study established a model for randomized controlled trial research, identified appropriate outcome measures, and addressed the effectiveness of sensory integration interventions in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
The Effects and Benefits of Sensory Integration Therapy on a Student with Autism
TLDR
The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of sensory diet interventions on a child with autism to determine whether the intervention program was successful in decreasing a target behavior of aggressive outbursts using a modified alternating treatment (ABAC) design.
Auditory Integration Interventions for Children with Autism and Developmental Disabilities: An Evidence-Based Practice Project
TLDR
A quantitative summary of existing research examining the effects of The Listening Program (TLP) on various functions in children is presented and the effect size of various outcome measures is discussed in order to identify variables that might affect the outcomes.
Effects of sensory integration on motor development in K-3 students with autism
TLDR
The intervention showed an increased ability of participants to complete motor tasks they were previously unable to perform, and an overwhelming agreement between professionals in the field regarding the effectiveness of SI in improving motor tasks.
Effects of Sensory Integration on motor development in K--3 students with autism
TLDR
The intervention showed an increased ability of participants to complete motor tasks they were previously unable to perform, and an overwhelming agreement between professionals in the field regarding the effectiveness of SI in improving motor tasks.
Auditory processing and auditory rehabilitation approaches in autism
TLDR
The neu­rological features of auditory processing and abnormalities in auditory evoked responses in autism are explained, and some of the main met­hods of auditory rehabilitation are recounted.
RESEARCH SCHOLARS INITIATIVE Effectiveness of Sensory Integration Interventions in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Pilot Study
TLDR
This pilot study established a model for randomized controlled trial research, identified appropriate outcome measures, and addressed the effectiveness of sensory integration interventions in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
Findings on sensory deficits in autism: implications for understanding the disorder
TLDR
The objective of this article is to briefly review the main findings of sensory deficits in autism, raise possibilities of early identification research in the area, and discuss the significance of these sensory problems for the understanding of autism.
Sensory Integration and the Perceptual Experience of Persons with Autism
TLDR
It is proposed that a cognitive neuroscience theoretical perspective on multisensory integration may be a useful way of conceptualizing and studying sensory integration and the perceptual experience of persons with autism.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 44 REFERENCES
The long-term effects of auditory training on children with autism
  • S. Bettison
  • Psychology
    Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 1996
TLDR
Findings suggest that some aspect of both auditory training and listening to selected unmodified music may have a beneficial effect on children with autism and sound sensitivity, and indicate a need for further research into the effects that led to these changes and the mechanisms involved in the sensory abnormalities commonly associated with autism.
The effects of occupational therapy with sensory integration emphasis on preschool-age children with autism.
  • J. Case-Smith, T. Bryan
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 1999
TLDR
The results support descriptions in the literature regarding the behavioral changes that children with autism can make when participating in intervention using a sensory integration approach.
Autism During Infancy: A Retrospective Video Analysis of Sensory-Motor and Social Behaviors at 9–12 Months of Age
  • G. Baranek
  • Psychology
    Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 1999
TLDR
The findings indicate that subtle symptoms of autism are present at 9–12 months, and suggest that early assessment procedures need to consider sensory processing/sensory-motor functions in addition to social responses during infancy.
Multiple impairments in early childhood autism
  • L. Wing, J. Wing
  • Psychology
    Journal of autism and childhood schizophrenia
  • 1971
TLDR
Results show that language functions in general, rather than just speech, are disturbed in autistic, and that a combination of language, perceptual, motor, and autonomic impairments underlies autistic behavior.
Current practice of occupational therapy for children with autism.
TLDR
Additional studies are needed to examine the efficacy of current evaluation and intervention methods, as well as to explore the relevance of available standardized assessments for this population.
Neuropsychologic functioning in autism: profile of a complex information processing disorder.
TLDR
The neuropsychologic profile in 33 rigorously diagnosed autistic individuals was defined by impairments in skilled motor, complex memory, complex language, and reasoning domains, and by intact or superior performance in the attention, simple memory, simplelanguage, and visual–spatial domains.
Imitation and pantomime in high-functioning adolescents with autism spectrum disorders.
TLDR
The results provided no support for the symbolic deficit hypothesis; meaning aided rather than hindered the performance of the group with autism, and partial support was found for the executive deficit hypothesis.
A comparison of the performance of children with and without autism on the Sensory Profile.
  • M. Kientz, W. Dunn
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 1997
TLDR
The Sensory Profile can provide information about the sensory processing skills of children with autism to assist occupational therapists in assessing and planning intervention for these children.
Sensorimotor versus Fine Motor Activities in Eliciting Vocalizations in Autistic Children
Sensory integrative therapy has been proposed as a method for enhancing language and eliciting spontaneous verbalizations in autistic children. In this study, activities frequently used in sensory
Asperger's syndrome and autism: neurocognitive aspects.
TLDR
Whether children with Asperger's Syndrome have similar neurocognitive deficits compared to nonretarded, or high-functioning autistic children; and whether the essential cognitive deficit among these children is in language or abstract problem solving are examined.
...
...