Interventions for treatment-resistant smokers.


We can understand resistance to treatment in smokers in two ways. First, when there is no awareness that smoking can be responsible for a physical disease, e.g., chronic obstructive lung disease or a dependence disorder. Second, when smokers actually seek treatment but fail to respond positively. The first kind-resistance related to lack of awareness-may… (More)


Cite this paper

@article{Fagerstrm1999InterventionsFT, title={Interventions for treatment-resistant smokers.}, author={Karl Olov Fagerstr{\"{o}m}, journal={Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco}, year={1999}, volume={1 Suppl 2}, pages={S201-5; discussion S207-10} }