Interval training for patients with coronary artery disease: a systematic review

  title={Interval training for patients with coronary artery disease: a systematic review},
  author={Aimee K. Cornish and Suzanne Broadbent and Birinder S Cheema},
  journal={European Journal of Applied Physiology},
Interval training (IT) may induce physiological adaptations superior to those achieved with conventional moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Our objectives were (1) to systematically review studies which have prescribed IT in CAD, (2) to summarize the findings of this research including the safety and physiological benefits of IT, and (3) to identify areas for further investigation. A systematic review of the literature using computerized… 

Effects of interval training versus continuous training on coronary artery disease: an updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

IT helps improve cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with CAD because it brings about greater improvement in the peak exercise capacity and resting SBP compared to CT.

Impact of different exercise training modalities on the coronary collateral circulation and plaque composition in patients with significant coronary artery disease (EXCITE trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

The trial investigates whether ET for 4 weeks increases theCBF in patients with significant CAD compared to a sedentary control group and examines the impact of two intensities of ET on the CBF as well as the histological plaque composition.

High-intensity interval training in patients with lifestyle-induced cardiometabolic disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

HIIT significantly increases CRF by almost double that of MICT in patients with lifestyle-induced chronic diseases, with a significantly higher increase in the VO2peak after HIIT.

Randomised controlled trial in women with coronary artery disease investigating the effects of aerobic interval training versus moderate intensity continuous exercise in cardiac rehabilitation: CAT versus MICE study

This study was underpowered to detect differences between groups, and the per protocol treatment effect analysis unveiled a 0.95 mL kg-1 min-1 improvement in V̇O2peak in response to AIT over MICE (p<0.001).

Moderate-to-high intensity aerobic interval training versus continuous aerobic training in real life, centre based, cardiac rehabilitation

It was found that the magnitude of change in peak VO2 is dependent upon 6 factors: baseline body fat percentage, baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), baseline fitness level, maximal rate pressure product during CPET, baseline psychological state, and number of exercise sessions completed.

Effects of Catheterization on Artery Function and Health: When Should Patients Start Exercising Following Their Coronary Intervention?

It is suggested that CAD patients start an exercise training programme between 2 and 4 weeks post-PCI, recognizing that the literature suggest there is a ‘grey area’ for functional recovery between 2 to 12 the authors weeks post-catheterization.



Optimization of high intensity interval exercise in coronary heart disease

When considering perceived exertion, patient comfort and time spent above 80% of VO2max, mode A appeared to be the optimal HIIE session for these coronary patients.

Exercise‐based Rehabilitation for Coronary Heart Disease

Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation is effective in reducing cardiac deaths, but it is not clear from this review whether exercise only or a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation intervention is more beneficial.

Effects of 12 Months of Intense Exercise Training on Ischemic ST‐segment Depression in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

It is suggested that training, if sufficiently intense and prolonged, can result in a reduction in myocardial ischemia at the same or a higher double product.

Can high-risk patients after myocardial infarction participate in comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation?

It is concluded that high-risk patients with large transmural infarctions and signs of congestive heart failure may well benefit from regular physical training in outpatient groups, if adequate medical supervision is available.

Effects of group-based high-intensity aerobic interval training in patients with chronic heart failure.

The efficacy and safety of exercise programs in cardiac rehabilitation.

  • W. Haskell
  • Medicine
    Medicine and science in sports and exercise
  • 1994
Data from observational studies as well as randomized clinical trials demonstrate a lower cardiac mortality rate for men participating in exercise rehabilitation programs vs nonparticipants, and a reduction of approximately 25% in cardiac and all-cause mortality for exercise program participants.

High intensity aerobic interval exercise is superior to moderate intensity exercise for increasing aerobic capacity in patients with coronary artery disease

  • Ø. RognmoEva V HetlandJ. HelgerudJ. HoffS. Slørdahl
  • Medicine
    European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology
  • 2004
High intensity aerobic interval exercise is superior to moderate exercise for increasing VO2peak in stable CAD-patients, and may be useful in designing effective training programmes for improved health in the future.

Prediction of Long-Term Prognosis in 12 169 Men Referred for Cardiac Rehabilitation

Exercise capacity, as determined by direct measurement of &OV0312;o2peak, exerts a major long-term influence on prognosis in men after MI, CABG, or IHD and can play a valuable role in risk stratification and counseling.