Interstellar C 60

@article{Bern2013InterstellarC6,
  title={Interstellar C 60},
  author={Olivier Bern{\'e} and Giacomo Mulas and Christine Joblin},
  journal={Astronomy and Astrophysics},
  year={2013},
  volume={550}
}
Buckminsterfullerene (C 60 ) has recently been detected through its infrared emission b ands in the interstellar medium (ISM), including in the proximity of massive stars, where physical condit ions could favor the formation of the cationic form, C +60. In addition, C+60was proposed as the carrier of two di ffuse interstellar bands in the near-IR, although a firm identi fica on still awaits gas-phase spectroscopic data. We examined in detail the Spitzer IRS spectra of the NGC 7023 reflection… 

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Pathway to the identification of C60+ in diffuse interstellar clouds

  • J. MaierE. Campbell
  • Physics
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2016
The identification process is reviewed placing special emphasis on the laboratory studies which have enabled spectroscopic measurement of large cations cooled to temperatures prevailing in the interstellar medium, providing the first answer to the problem of the diffuse interstellar bands.
...

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