Intersex and reproductive impairment of wild fish exposed to multiple municipal wastewater discharges.

  title={Intersex and reproductive impairment of wild fish exposed to multiple municipal wastewater discharges.},
  author={Gerald R. Tetreault and Charles J. Bennett and Kallie Shires and Brian Knight and Mark Roy Servos and Mark E. McMaster},
  journal={Aquatic toxicology},
  volume={104 3-4},
The Grand River watershed in Ontario, Canada, receives and assimilates the outflow of 29 Municipal Wastewater Effluent (MWWE) discharges which is a mixture of domestic and industrial wastes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cumulative impact of multiple sewage discharges on populations of wild fish. In field studies, responses of fish populations and individual fish responses in terms of growth (condition factor), reproduction (in vitro sex steroid production, gonadosomatic… CONTINUE READING


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