Interrupted 2'-o,4'-C-aminomethylene bridged nucleic acid modification enhances pyrimidine motif triplex-forming ability and nuclease resistance under physiological condition.

Abstract

Due to instability of pyrimidine motif triplex DNA at physiological pH, triplex stabilization at physiological pH is crucial in improving its potential in various triplex formation-based strategies in vivo, such as regulation of gene expression, mapping of genomic DNA, and gene-targeted mutagenesis. To this end, we investigated the effect of our previously reported chemical modification, 2'-O,4'-C-aminomethylene bridged nucleic acid (2',4'- BNA(NC)) modification, introduced into interrupted and continuous positions of triplex-forming oligonucleotide (TFO) on pyrimidine motif triplex formation at physiological pH. The interrupted 2',4'-BNA(NC) modifications of TFO increased the binding constant of the triplex formation at physiological pH by more than 10-fold, and significantly increased the nuclease resistance of TFO. On the other hand, the continuous 2',4'-BNA(NC) modification of TFO showed lower ability to promote the triplex formation at physiological pH than the interrupted 2',4'-BNA(NC) modifications of TFO, and did not significantly change the nuclease resistance of TFO. Selection of the interruptedly 2',4'-BNA(NC)-modified positions in TFO was more favorable for achieving the higher binding affinity of the pyrimidine motif triplex formation at physiological pH and the higher nuclease resistance of TFO than that of the continuously 2',4'-BNA(NC)-modified positions in TFO. We conclude that the interrupted 2',4'-BNA(NC) modification of TFO could be a key chemical modification to enhance pyrimidine motif triplex-forming ability and nuclease resistance under physiological condition, and may eventually lead to progress in various triplex formation-based strategies in vivo.

DOI: 10.1080/15257770.2010.543118

Cite this paper

@article{Torigoe2011Interrupted2B, title={Interrupted 2'-o,4'-C-aminomethylene bridged nucleic acid modification enhances pyrimidine motif triplex-forming ability and nuclease resistance under physiological condition.}, author={Hidetaka Torigoe and S. M. Abdur Rahman and Hiroko Takuma and Norihiro Sato and Takeshi Imanishi and Satoshi Obika and Kiyomi Sasaki}, journal={Nucleosides, nucleotides & nucleic acids}, year={2011}, volume={30 1}, pages={63-81} }