Interrater and Intrarater Reliability and Validity of 3 Measurement Methods for Shoulder-Position Sense.

CONTEXT Joint-position sense (JPS) plays a critical role in the stability of shoulder joint. Restoration of JPS is essential to improve rehabilitation outcomes in individuals with shoulder injury. However, the number of affordable and reliable shoulder-JPS measurement methods for everyday clinical practice is limited. OBJECTIVE To estimate reliability and… CONTINUE READING