Interpreting the Language of Environmental Sounds

  title={Interpreting the Language of Environmental Sounds},
  author={James A. Ballas and James H. Howard},
  journal={Environment and Behavior},
  pages={114 - 91}
Comparisons are made between the perception of environmental sound and the perception of speech. With both, two types of processing are involved, bottom-up and top-down, and with both, the detailed form of the processing is, in several respects, similar. Recognition of isolated speech and environmental sounds produces similar patterns of semantic interpretations. Environmental sound "homonyms" are ambiguous in much the same manner as speech homonyms. Environmental sounds become integrated on… Expand
Chapter 89 – Environmental Sounds
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The effects of linguistic mediation on the identification of environmental sounds
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On the Relation between the Intelligibility and Frequency of Occurrence of English Words
The threshold of intelligibility for a word in a wide‐spectrum noise is shown to be a decreasing function of the frequency with which the word occurs in general linguistic usage (word frequency). TheExpand
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Psychophysical structure of eight complex underwater sounds.
  • J. H. Howard
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1977
The potential usefulness of multidimensional scaling techniques in the perceptual analysis of ’’real world’s’ underwater sounds was demonstrated and substantial differences between the musically trained and musically inexperienced observers in the relative importance or salience of the two dimensions were revealed. Expand