• Corpus ID: 12891390

Interpreting the Goldwater Rule.

  title={Interpreting the Goldwater Rule.},
  author={John Martin-Joy},
  journal={The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law},
  volume={45 2},
  • John Martin-Joy
  • Published 1 June 2017
  • Psychology
  • The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Section 7.3 of the Principles of Medical Ethics With Annotations Especially Applicable to Psychiatry (the so-called Goldwater Rule) provides guidance on the ethics of making psychiatric comments about public figures who have not been interviewed and have not given consent. I argue that the wording of Section 7.3 is ambiguous, and I document disagreement over the scope of the rule and consider the implications of this disagreement. If one reads Section 7.3 narrowly, as banning media comments… 

Diagnosing from a Distance

Ever since the rise of Adolf Hitler, mental health professionals have sought to use their knowledge of human psychology to understand - and intervene in - political developments. From Barry Goldwater

The Goldwater Rule from the Perspective of Phenomenological Psychopathology

Goldwater competed with Lyndon Johnson, and Fact Magazine presented 1,189 psychiatrists’ suggestions for Goldwater’s psychological unfitness to be president. Barry Goldwater sued Ralph Ginzburg, the

The Goldwater Rule: a bastion of a bygone era?

This essay aims to explore the origin of the Goldwater Rule, critique its applicability to modern-day psychiatric practice, and highlight its role in maintaining both respectful objectivity and diagnostic integrity within the psychiatric assessment process.

Leadership Analysis and Political Psychology in the 21st Century

  • K. Dekleva
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
  • 2018
The historic, methodological, forensic, and ethics challenges regarding psychiatric approaches to leadership analysis, and how these can offer policy makers options regarding national security decision-making are highlighted.

Media and Mental Illness in a Post-Truth Era

  • S. N. CohenN. Kolla
  • Psychology
    The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
  • 2019
The degree to which society has allowed itself to accept misinformation as a norm has reached a critical point and psychiatrists are reluctant to engage with the media, writes Adam Chiara.

Introduction to the Special Section on the Goldwater Rule.

  • John Martin-Joy
  • Psychology
    The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
  • 2017
The publication of this special section offers a chance to reflect on a topic of perennial interest in psychiatry: the ethics of commenting on public figures. Since at least the election of 1964,

The Goldwater Rule: Perspectives From, and Implications for, Psychological Science

The Goldwater Rule, which prohibits psychiatrists from offering diagnostic opinions on individuals they have never examined, is concluded to be outdated and premised on dubious scientific assumptions.

Silence versus bearing witness: Psychiatrists' responsibility to society

  • Bandy X. Lee
  • Psychology
    Forensic Science International: Mind and Law
  • 2021

Photographs of Key People and Events

  • Diagnosing from a Distance
  • 2020

Works Cited

  • Diagnosing from a Distance
  • 2020



The Ethics of APA's Goldwater Rule.

It is concluded that the Goldwater Rule was an excessive organizational response to what was clearly an inflammatory and embarrassing moment for American psychiatry.

Reflections on the Goldwater Rule.

  • P. Appelbaum
  • Psychology
    The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
  • 2017
On balance, the Goldwater Rule continues to be an important underpinning of ethical behavior by psychiatrists and even psychiatrists who seek to aid policymakers in dealing with international or domestic threats should not find that the Rule interferes with their efforts.

A Resident Perspective on the Goldwater Rule.

It is proposed that residency programs should incorporate a brief (one hour) but thoughtful discussion of the Goldwater rule into their general curriculum and recommend that such a didactic hour should introduce arguments for and against the rule in its present form.

The risks and responsible roles for psychiatrists who interact with the media.

The Goldwater Rule is discussed, highlighting the events that led to its development and the professional response to its enactment and a method to guide psychiatrists in their interaction with the media that will help them avoid violating ethics principles or the law.

Ethical considerations in psychiatric profiling of political figures.

  • J. Post
  • Political Science
    The Psychiatric clinics of North America
  • 2002

Role of physicians and mental health professionals in discussions of public figures.

ON MARCH 17, 2008, GOVERNOR ELIOT SPITZER of New York resigned his office amidst revelations of his involvement with prostitutes. In the days following this political upheaval, the media turned to

Confidentiality in the forensic evaluation.

  • P. Appelbaum
  • Psychology
    International journal of law and psychiatry
  • 1984

Speculating on a public figure's mental health.

Physicians' opinions on matters of medicine, science, and policy are given extra credence by our educational attainment and trusted social role, whether deserved or not, so physicians must use that

Psychiatrists can speak too: understanding the Goldwater Rule

  • Psychology Today, September
  • 2012