Interpretation of the ‘Massenerhebung’ Effect on Tropical Mountains

  title={Interpretation of the ‘Massenerhebung’ Effect on Tropical Mountains},
  author={Peter J. Grubb},
  • P. Grubb
  • Published 1971
  • Environmental Science
  • Nature
THREE types of rain forest can generally be recognized on wet tropical mountains: lowland rain forest, lower Montane rain forest and upper Montane rain forest1–3. These forest types can be defined both by distinctive plant associations1 and by the altitudinal limits within which they lie. These limits, however, vary with the type of mountain. On small, isolated mountains and outlying ridges of major ranges, the upper limit of lowland rain forest is about 700–900 m and that of the lower Montane… 

Control of Forest Growth and Distribution on Wet Tropical Mountains: with Special Reference to Mineral Nutrition

On the wetter slope s of the highest tropical mountains, wherever man' s depradations are not in evidence, a continuous forest cover may be found from sea level to an altitude of about 4000 m. With

Vegetation Patterns in Waisoi Primary Rainforest, Southeast Viti Levu, Fiji1

Abstract: The vegetation composition and structure of “pristine” primary lowland rainforest in Waisoi, south Viti Levu, Fiji were assessed quantitatively by recording all trees with a diameter at

Encyclopedia of natural resources

Climatically sharp altitudinal gradient leads to the diversity and complexity of altitudinal (vegetation) belts and their vertical combinations (spectra) in mountains of the world. A total of 80

The Colorado and Dwarf Forests of Puerto Rico’s Luquillo Mountains

The colorado and dwarf forests of the Luquillo Mountains, occurring above the 600-m cumulus base of the trade winds, are frequently enveloped in clouds. Structurally, the forests are small, dense,

Frequency of cloud cover on New Zealand mountains in relation to subalpine vegetation

Daily satellite images of New Zealand have been used to test the hypothesis that in areas of dense, persistent cloud and fog, subalpine Noth-ofagus forest is replaced by scrub and conifer/broadleaved forest, finding no convincing correlation between cloud frequency and the distribution of contrasting forest types.

Classification of Lower Montane Evergreen Forests in Southern India and Sri Lanka

Lower Montane Evergreen Mixed Forests (MEM) in Sri Lanka and South India are composed of tropical taxa. They occur at mid-elevations, as high as 900–1400 m above sea level, in the three main mountain

The vegetation and flora along an altitudinal transect through tropical forest at Mount Korobaba, Fiji

Abstract Mt Korobaba, near Suva, Fiji, is a steep breccia cone 422 m high, covered by largely unmodified tropical forest. Fifteen percent of the indigenous vascular flora of Fiji was recorded from 15

Les forets de montagne de la Nouvelle-Caledonie: Montane forests in New Calidonia

Higher local temperature gradients near isolated mountains (inselbergs) result in continuous cloud cover at below normal elevations, creating the right conditions for the development of montane

Forest vegetation along environmental gradients in northeastern Puerto Rico

The Luquillo Mountains in northeastern Puerto Rico rise abruptly from sea level to 1074 m at El Toro Peak in the Luquillo Experimental Forest (LEF) (Fig. 1). The simplest classification of forest

Biophysical analysis of afromontane forest community types at Mount Kasigau, Kenya

This study examines how biophysical site conditions differ in relation to the distribution of forest community types at Mount Kasigau, Kenya, in the Eastern Arc. Topographic measures of elevation,



Biological Decomposition of Some Types of Litter From North American Forests

The investigation here reported was carried out chiefly in the course of a visit in the winter 1927-1928 to the New Jersey Agricultural Experimental Station, New Brunswick, N. J., to study not only the variations within one and the same species, in so far as the rapidity of decomposition is concerned, but also the differences in this respect between different types of litter.

Soil Phosphate and Its Role in Molding Segments of the Australian Flora and Vegetation, with Special Reference to Xeromorphy and Sclerophylly

It is postulated that the Australian angiosperm flora ins derived from a sample of a one—time world flora of about 180 families that entered Australia by a land bridge from Asia. Many of the genera

The Tropical Rain Forest.

The Diagnosis of Mineral Deficiencies in Plants by Visual Symptoms

MUCH attention has been given during the present century to the effect of mineral deficiencies on plant growth, and more recently it has become apparent that the presence of minute traces of new

Tropical crops: dicotyledons

Tropical crops dicotyledons, Tropical crops dICotylingons, and more: طلاعات و اطlاع رسانی کشاورزی.