Interpretation of Dog Behavior by Children and Young Adults

  title={Interpretation of Dog Behavior by Children and Young Adults},
  author={Nelly Lakestani and Morag L. Donaldson and Natalie Waran},
  pages={65 - 80}
ABSTRACT This study investigates people's ability to interpret dog behavior. Inability to interpret dog behavior correctly may be a factor contributing to young children's higher likelihood of being bitten by dogs. Children (4- to 10-year-olds) and adults (total n = 550) watched videos of dogs displaying friendly, aggressive, and fearful behavior. They were asked to interpret the dogs' behaviors and to describe which features they had attended to in making their decision. Four- and 6-year-old… 
Young Children’s Interpretation of Dogs’ Emotions and Their Intentions to Approach Happy, Angry, and Frightened Dogs
ABSTRACT The current study aimed to investigate the extent to which young children’s risk of being bitten by a dog is explained by their inability to recognize the dog’s emotion and to behave
Keeping Children Safe: Children’s Ability to Interpret Canine Behavioral Cues and Dog Safety Interventions
Dog bites and dog-related injuries to children are an international health and safety concern. This chapter begins by examining ways that dog bites are defined and reported. Next, it discusses how
Adults’ Ability to Interpret Canine Body Language during a Dog–Child Interaction
ABSTRACT Child safety around dogs is an important issue since most dog bites involve small children. The supervision of children and dogs whilst they are together is therefore crucial. This study
How Parents Perceive the Potential Risk of a Child-Dog Interaction
The results suggest that even popular family dog breeds, such as Labrador Retrievers, should be treated with more caution, and the breed of dog seems to be an influential factor when assessing a potentially dangerous outcome from a dog-child interaction.
Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention
The results of this study underline the need for a dog bite prevention approach directed toward the caregivers very early in the child–dog relationship, taking into account the child’s age and individual needs of the dog.
Can Children of Different Ages Recognize Dog Communication Signals in Different Situations?
Overall, children aged 4–5 years showed a limited ability to understand dog signals compared to children aged 6–12 years, who were successful in recognizing the dogs’ stimuli more than 80% of the time.
Dog Bite Prevention: Effect of a Short Educational Intervention for Preschool Children
Results indicate that preschool children can be taught how to correctly interpret dogs’ behaviours, and implies that incorporating such training into prevention programmes may contribute to reducing dog bite incidents.
Exploring Children’s Perspectives on the Welfare Needs of Pet Animals
ABSTRACT Children are increasingly viewed as important recipients of educational interventions to improve animal welfare, yet research examining their perspectives is lacking, particularly within the
Developing and Assessing the Validity of a Scale to Assess Pet Dog Quality of Life: Lincoln P-QoL
This is the first validated scale for the assessment of dog well-being around children, and the behavioral constructs identified may form the rational basis of a more general dog behavior/stress assessment tool in social situations.


Young children's concepts of danger
Two studies are reported here investigating the development of children's concepts of danger, both in terms of their understanding and the salience of danger in unprompted situations. In Expt 1, 120
Unreported dog bites in children.
Being bitten was not significantly associated, in most groups of children studied, with a dislike of dogs, and positive attitudes toward dogs may lead to inadequate precautions against bites and to biases in the reporting of bites to health authorities.
A Study of Dog Bites and their Prevention
Previous studies have suggested that children are more at risk of suffering from serious dog bite injuries than adults. In order to generate an overview of characteristics of dog bite victims in
Children's perception of safety and danger on the road.
The results suggest that young children up to about 9 years must often be at considerable risk as they do not have the ability to recognize a location as dangerous, even if they know the mechanics of the Green Cross Code.
Preschool children's decoding of facial emotions.
This study examined preschool children's ability to decode facial emotions. Subjects comprised 32 preschoolers (16 3 1/2-year-olds, 16 5-year-olds), with equal numbers of boys and girls, enrolled in
Dog bites: how big a problem?
  • J. Sacks, M. Kresnow, B. Houston
  • Medicine
    Injury prevention : journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
  • 1996
The magnitude of the dog bite problem in the US is estimated to be 4,494,083; of these, 756,701 persons sustained bites necessitating medical attention, and children had 3.2 times higher medically attended bite rates than adults.
Dog bites in children less than 4 years old.
With the rising crime rate, more citizens are buying or even renting large and sometimes vicious dogs to protect their family or property.