• Corpus ID: 154369757

Interning Insurgent Populations: The Buried Histories of Indian Democracy

  title={Interning Insurgent Populations: The Buried Histories of Indian Democracy},
  author={Nandini Sundar},
  journal={Economic and Political Weekly},
  • N. Sundar
  • Published 5 February 2011
  • Political Science
  • Economic and Political Weekly
Based on the memories of elderly Naga and Mizo villagers in north-east India who underwent grouping in the 1950s and 1960s, this article shows how the concept of "success" and "failure" used by studies of grouping is flawed, betraying a bureaucratic calculus. Whatever the overt reasons given for grouping, what underlies it is the assumption that all people in a given area, whether civilian or combatant, are potentially hostile. Grouping is thus an act of war rather than effective counter… 
Citizens, the Smoking Guns of AFSPA and Bare Life in Northeast India
At the heart of ‘Indian nation-state making’ in the post-colonial context is dominant imagery and imaginary of Indian-ness, and there is an uncertain relationship between legitimate and illegitimate
Population transfers in counter-insurgency: a recipe for success?
Abstract Since control over the population constitutes the most crucial determinant for victory in irregular warfare, how should a state authority isolate the insurgents (the “fish” in Maoist terms)
A War Within a War: Mizo rebels and the Bangladesh liberation struggle
In 1971 a war led to the creation of Bangladesh. Instantly three narratives sprang up: the war as a national triumph, the war as betrayal and shame, and the war as a glorious campaign. Today more
Managing ‘dangerous populations’: How colonial emergency laws shape citizenship
This article traces the historical foundations of current security legislation as the matrix of citizenship. Examining Israel’s new Counter-Terrorism Law against the backdrop of security legislation
Reflections on civil liberties, citizenship, Adivasi agency and Maoism: A response to Alpa Shah
If Alpa Shah had her way (Shah, 2013), civil liberties and democratic rights platforms in India, currently speaking in the name of citizenship or ‘the people’ (e.g. Citizens for Justice and Peace
Writing the Adivasi: Some historiographical notes
This essay explores the possibility of a new field of research called adivasi/tribal studies. It reflects on how adivasi history and adivasi subjectivity have evolved both in the domain of
Understanding security in the vernacular in hybrid political contexts: a critical survey
In this article we propose two alternative yet interrelated definitions of security, which jointly encapsulate its dual and contested nature. These definitions were constructed to guide a literature
Northeast Migrants in Delhi: Race, Refuge and Retail
Dit baanbrekende boek is een etnografische studie naar de migranten die in steeds grotere getale van het noordoosten van India naar de hoofdstad Delhi trekken. De sociale, politieke en economische
Security in hybrid political contexts: an end-user approach
This paper is based on a systematic peer-led review of hybrid security arrangements in conflict affected areas to assess the extent of existing evidence for an end-user approach to security programming in such situations and to identify evidence gaps.


The Communist insurrection in Malaya, 1948-1960
the Federation of Malaysia. Two years later, Singapore was expelled from Malaysia; but Sarawak and Sabah remained in the federation, despite some misgivings in these states over their relationship to
Footprints in the Sand: British Colonial Counterinsurgency and the War in Iraq
Recent attempts to revive counterinsurgency strategies for use in Afghanistan and Iraq have been marked by a determination to learn lessons from history. Using the case of the campaign against the
From refugee camps to gated communities: biopolitics and the end of the city1
The article addresses the situation of the asylum seeker as an instantiation of the ‘homo sacer’, the ultimate biopolitical subject whose life is stripped of cultural and political forms. The focus
"Iron Claws on Malaya": The Historiography of the Malayan Emergency
This article addresses the historiography of the Malayan Emergency (1948–60). It does so by challenging two archetypal works on the conflict: those of Anthony Short and Richard Stubbs. These argue
Comparative History as World History: Religious Conversion in Modern India
In the period from the late nineteenth to the late twentieth century, the vast majority of the Naga peoples of northeastern India converted to Christianity. This article explores the reasons for this
Postfrontier Blues: Toward a New Policy Framework for Northeast India
Even as India "flexes its muscle on the world stage," a decades-old civil conflict rages on in far-away Manipur State-the "lush, hilly swatch of land that juts out of the east toward Myanmar." Indian
The State, Democracy and Anti-Terror Laws in India
This book examines the implications for Indian society and politics of laws that are made to tackle events and situations out of the ordinary. By reviewing public debates, comparing specific clauses
It Almost Needn’t Have Been the Germans: The State, Colonial Violence, and the Holocaust
The starting point for this chapter is one that many people will find highly contentious, that in order to understand the Holocaust as a practice we need to set it into the context of the history of
The Unlearned Lessons of Counterinsurgency
In 1977 retired CIA counterinsurgency expert Douglas Blaufarb observed optimistically that "the term 'counterinsurgency' conveys today . .. impressions mostly having to do with Cold War attitudes,