Internetwork externalities and free information goods

  title={Internetwork externalities and free information goods},
  author={Geoffrey G. Parker and Marshall W. Van Alstyne},
  booktitle={EC '00},
Bundling Strategies for Platforms with an Installed Base
As an emerging platform, hardware/software platforms differ from traditional retail platforms because they require consumers to spend a certain amount of money accessing them. Therefore, an
Understanding Optimal Business Model of Free-Floating Bike-Sharing Platform in the Context of Low-Carbon City
This paper establishes an analytical framework to explore the optimal business models of free-floating bikesharing platforms including ordinary, premium, and hybrid that are three business models often employed by FBSPs and reveals that both user’s heterogeneity on service quality sensitivity and time for searching a bike play critical roles in deciding platform's optimal business model.
How Users Drive Value in Two-sided Markets: Platform Designs That Matter
One of the deepest platform challenges is understanding how users create network value for each other and which investments provide leverage. Is more value created by advertising to attract users,
Platform Mergers and Antitrust
Should internet era merger policy differ from industrial era merger policy? Platform ecosystems rely on economies of scale, data-driven economies of scope, high-quality algorithmic systems, and
Innovation process in the business ecosystem: the four cooperations practices in the media platform
A new conceptual framework is introduced that describes how cooperations occur in the ecosystem and reveals how co-innovative business ecosystems demonstrate co-evolution through different structures and directions.
Literature survey on the economic impact of digital platforms
The rapid diffusion of digital platforms is generating a deep impact on a wide range of economic aspects such as consumption, communication, and workstyle. On the other hand, there is a growing
Gospodarka cyfrowa. Jak nowe technologie zmieniają świat
Karzyna Śdziow ska, Rnata W ch G O PO D AKA C YFRO W A Sztuczna inteligencja, blockchain, inteligentne roboty, Internet Rzeczy, usługi chmurowe – nowe technologie przenikają naszą rzeczywistość.


Why Lever into a Zero‐Profit Industry: Tying, Foreclosure, and Exclusion
This paper considers the incentives of a firm with power in a market for one good to tie in the sale of a complementary good even though the complementary good is produced in a zero profit market. If
Multimarket Oligopoly: Strategic Substitutes and Complements
A firm's actions in one market can change competitors' strategies in a second market by affecting its own marginal costs in that other market. Whether the action provides costs or benefits in the
The Art of Standards Wars
Competition in the information age often takes the form of a standards war: a battle for market dominance between incompatible technologies. A company's success or failure can easily hinge on its
A Graphical Analysis of Bundling
By comparing the demand for a bundle and the vertical sum of the demands for its components, this article analyzes the profitability and welfare consequences of bundling. If it does not lower costs,
The Theory of Industrial Organization
The Theory of Industrial Organization is the first primary text to treat the new industrial organization at the advanced-undergraduate and graduate level. Rigorously analytical and filled with
Stability in Competition
After the work of the late Professor F. Y. Edgeworth one may doubt that anything further can be said on the theory of competition among a small number of entrepreneurs. However, one important feature
Network Externalities, Competition, and Compatibility
Commodity Bundling and the Burden of Monopoly
I. Introduction, 475.—II. The model: positive properties, 477.—III. The model: normative properties, 490.—IV. Implications and conclusion, 495.
Tying, Foreclosure, and Exclusion
Tied sales have a long history of scrutiny under the antitrust laws of the United States. The primary basis for the condemnation of this practice has been the court's belief in what has come to be
Versioning Information Goods
One prominent feature of information goods is that they have large fixed costs of production, and small variable costs of reproduction. Cost-based pricing makes little sense in this context;