Internet and Gaming Addiction: A Systematic Literature Review of Neuroimaging Studies

@article{Kuss2012InternetAG,
  title={Internet and Gaming Addiction: A Systematic Literature Review of Neuroimaging Studies},
  author={Daria J. Kuss and Mark D. Griffiths},
  journal={Brain Sciences},
  year={2012},
  volume={2},
  pages={347 - 374}
}
In the past decade, research has accumulated suggesting that excessive Internet use can lead to the development of a behavioral addiction. Internet addiction has been considered as a serious threat to mental health and the excessive use of the Internet has been linked to a variety of negative psychosocial consequences. The aim of this review is to identify all empirical studies to date that used neuroimaging techniques to shed light upon the emerging mental health problem of Internet and gaming… 
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References

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Internet Gaming Addiction: A Systematic Review of Empirical Research
The activity of play has been ever present in human history and the Internet has emerged as a playground increasingly populated by gamers. Research suggests that a minority of Internet game players
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TLDR
From a phenomenological point of view, IAD in the sample population seems to be more compulsory than rewarding or mood driven, and dissociative symptoms are related to severity and impact of IAD.
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  • Psychology, Computer Science
    Cyberpsychology Behav. Soc. Netw.
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TLDR
This study investigated the existence of Internet addiction and the extent of problems caused by such potential misuse by developing a brief eight-item questionnaire referred to as a Diagnostic Questionnaire (DQ), which can be defined as an impulse-control disorder that does not involve an intoxicant.
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TLDR
An integrated model of drug addiction that encompasses intoxication, bingeing, withdrawal, and craving is proposed, and results imply that addiction connotes cortically regulated cognitive and emotional processes, which result in the overvaluing of drug reinforcers, the undervalued of alternative rein forcers, and deficits in inhibitory control for drug responses.
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TLDR
The results suggest that the gaming urge/craving in online gaming addiction and craving in substance dependence might share the same neurobiological mechanism.
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TLDR
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TLDR
The results suggested that long-term internet addiction would result in brain structural alterations, which probably contributed to chronic dysfunction in subjects with IAD.
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TLDR
It was displayed that DAT expression level of striatum was significantly decreased and the V, W, and Ra were greatly reduced in the individuals with IAD compared to controls, suggesting that IAD may cause serious damages to the brain.
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TLDR
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TLDR
How a treatment protocol should emphasis the primary psychiatric condition if related to a subsequent impulse control problem such as pathological Internet use is discussed.
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