Internet Gaming Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and Addiction

  title={Internet Gaming Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and Addiction},
  author={Vladan Starcevic and Elias Aboujaoude},
  journal={Current Addiction Reports},
Purpose of ReviewTo examine the degree of relatedness between Internet gaming disorder (IGD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and substance use disorders.Recent FindingsIGD is phenomenologically distinct from OCD, and its relationship with OCD, although apparently strong, is not specific. At a neurobiological level, IGD and OCD appear to differ, but more studies directly comparing the two disorders are needed. IGD was conceptualized as a behavioral addiction, which has been controversial… 
Impulsivity and compulsivity in Internet gaming disorder: A comparison with obsessive–compulsive disorder and alcohol use disorder
Comparison of baseline neuropsychological profiles in IGD, alcohol use disorder, and obsessive–compulsive disorder in the spectrum of impulsivity and compulsivity found both the IGD and OCD groups shared impairment in inhibitory control functions as well as cognitive inflexibility.
Evaluation of Internet Gaming Disorder, Social Media Addiction, and Levels of Loneliness in Adolescents and Youth with Substance Use
School guidance teachers should monitor children who do not have friends or are lonely and be aware of the potential for substance use because it can emerge as a method of coping with the feeling of loneliness among adolescents.
Internet gaming disorder does not qualify as a mental disorder
In this view, problematic online gaming and its ‘offshoots’ such as IGD and gaming disorder should not be conceptualised as a mental disorder.
Cognitive factors associated with gaming disorder
Abstract There is substantial clinical and public health evidence that video gaming, particularly online gaming, can become excessive and lead to psychological distress and functional impairment.
Socio-emotional ability, temperament and coping strategies associated with different use of Internet in Internet addiction.
  • F. Tonioni, M. Mazza, +9 authors C. Lai
  • Medicine, Psychology
    European review for medical and pharmacological sciences
  • 2018
Findings showed a higher psychological impairment in gaming online users compared to social networking and online pornography users.
Maladaptive Personality Functioning and Psychopathological Symptoms in Problematic Video Game Players: A Person-Centered Approach
Clinical implications have clinical implications on suggesting the importance to determining whether or not problematic gaming activities reflect a dysfunctional emotion-focused coping strategy to avoid inner unpleasant emotional or a more generally compromised emotional and social functioning.
Subtyping treatment-seeking gaming disorder patients.
The identification of two separate profiles of patients seeking treatment for Gaming Disorder provides empirical evidence that contributes to the conceptualization of this disorder, as well as to the development of reliable and valid screening tools and effective intervention plans focused on the precise characteristics of the treatment-seeking patients.
Prevalence and Risk Factors for Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) in a sample of 5,979 Italian Online Gamers
Background: The prevalence of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) in the Italian population of gamers is unknown. Several risk factors, including time spent playing (TSP), are proposed as an epiphenomenon
Making the case for video game addiction: does it exist or not?
Video games are becoming increasingly popular as a leisure activity across different age groups and societies. Although research on video game effects has found a wide range of positive and negative
Cross-Cultural Validation of the Compulsive Internet Use Scale in Four Forms and Eight Languages
The brief versions of the CIUS are reliable and structurally stable instruments that can be used for cross-cultural research across adult populations.


Neurophysiological correlates of altered response inhibition in internet gaming disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder: Perspectives from impulsivity and compulsivity
The first differential neurophysiological correlate of the altered response inhibition in IGD and OCD is reported, which may be a candidate biomarker for impulsivity and compulsivity.
Chaos and confusion in DSM-5 diagnosis of Internet Gaming Disorder: Issues, concerns, and recommendations for clarity in the field
The DSM-5 has caused more confusion than clarity regarding the disorder, reflected by researchers in the field contesting a supposedly reached consensus for IGD diagnosis.
Dysfunctional inhibitory control and impulsivity in Internet addiction
In conclusion, individuals with IA exhibited impulsivity as a core personality trait and in their neuropsychological functioning.
Behavioral Addiction: The Nexus of Impulsivity and Compulsivity
Abstract Impulsivity and compulsivity have sometimes been viewed as lying at opposite ends of a single dimension. However, convergent evidence from research that informs clinical practice suggests
Internet Gaming Disorder Explains Unique Variance in Psychological Distress and Disability After Controlling for Comorbid Depression, OCD, ADHD, and Anxiety
This study extends knowledge about the relationship of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) to other established mental disorders by exploring comorbidities with anxiety, depression, Attention Deficit
A cognitive-behavioral model of Internet gaming disorder: theoretical underpinnings and clinical implications.
A cognitive-behavioral model for conceptualizing Internet gaming disorder (IGD) focuses on three domains and their roles in addictive behaviors, which include motivational drives related to reward-seeking and stress-reduction, behavioral control relating to executive inhibition, and decision-making that involves weighing the pros and cons of engaging in motivated behaviors.
The relationship between addictive use of social media and video games and symptoms of psychiatric disorders: A large-scale cross-sectional study.
The study significantly adds to the understanding of mental health symptoms and their role in addictive use of modern technology, and suggests that the concept of Internet use disorder (i.e., "Internet addiction") as a unified construct is not warranted.
Trait impulsivity and impaired prefrontal impulse inhibition function in adolescents with internet gaming addiction revealed by a Go/No-Go fMRI study
The data suggest that the prefrontal cortex may be involved in the circuit modulating impulsivity, while its impaired function may relate to high impulsivity in adolescents with IGA, which may contribute directly to the Internet addiction process.
Withdrawal symptoms in internet gaming disorder: A systematic review.
The results indicated that the available evidence on Internet gaming withdrawal is very underdeveloped and many more qualitative clinical studies are needed, and should be prioritised, to develop the understanding of gaming withdrawal.
Trajectories of abstinence-induced Internet gaming withdrawal symptoms: A prospective pilot study
Preliminary data suggest that gaming withdrawal symptoms may follow, at least initially, negative linear and quadratic trends.