International table of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2002.

@article{FosterPowell2002InternationalTO,
  title={International table of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2002.},
  author={Kaye Foster-Powell and Susanna H. A. Holt and Janette C. Brand-Miller},
  journal={The American journal of clinical nutrition},
  year={2002},
  volume={76 1},
  pages={
          5-56
        }
}
Reliable tables of glycemic index (GI) compiled from the scientific literature are instrumental in improving the quality of research examining the relation between GI, glycemic load, and health. The GI has proven to be a more useful nutritional concept than is the chemical classification of carbohydrate (as simple or complex, as sugars or starches, or as available or unavailable), permitting new insights into the relation between the physiologic effects of carbohydrate-rich foods and health… Expand
International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008
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The addition of GI and GL values to the FCT will allow researchers to estimate the effect of dietary carbohydrate quality on various health outcomes, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and obesity. Expand
Development of a glycemic index database for food frequency questionnaires used in epidemiologic studies.
TLDR
The augmentation of this FFQ database with GI and GL values will enable etiologic investigations ofGI and GL with numerous disease outcomes in the WHI and other epidemiologic studies that utilize this FF Q. Expand
Glycemic index and glycemic load: measurement issues and their effect on diet–disease relationships
TLDR
Meta-analyses suggest that foods with a low GI or GL may confer benefit in terms of glycemic control in diabetes and lipid management, however, low GI and GL foods can be energy dense and contain substantial amounts of sugars or undesirable fats that contribute to a diminished glycemic response. Expand
Glycemic Index
The effects of carbohydrate quality, as characterized by glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL), have become a topic of interest in assessing diet’s impact on chronic disease includingExpand
Glycemic Index, Food Exchange Values and Exercise Performance
TLDR
It is hypothesized that ingestion of carbohydrates with different GI and/or GL values is associated with changes in metabolic responses that can lead to improved exercise performance, and lower risk of developing chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, and cancer. Expand
Glycemic index and glycemic load in relation to food and nutrient intake and metabolic risk factors in a Dutch population.
TLDR
A low-GI diet, which is high in dairy and fruit but low in potatoes and cereals, is associated with improved insulin sensitivity and lipid metabolism and reduced chronic inflammation, and GL is highly correlated with carbohydrate intake and is not clearly associated with the investigated metabolic risk factors. Expand
The Glycemic Index: Physiological Significance
TLDR
Enough positive evidence is suggested that the glycemic index may have a role to play in the treatment and prevention of chronic diseases, especially with respect to renewed interest in postprandial events. Expand
Methodology for adding glycemic index and glycemic load values to 24-hour dietary recall database.
TLDR
This methodology for adding GI and GL values to nutrient databases is possible to assess associations between GI and/or GL and body weight and chronic disease outcomes (diabetes, cancer, heart disease) and can be used in clinical and survey research settings where 24HRs are a practical means for assessing diet. Expand
Implications of the Glycemic Index in Obesity
TLDR
This work suggests, as an extension to the dietary fiber hypothesis, that certain carbohydrates, by virtue of their rate of digestibility and absorption, may provide a strategy to prevent and manage chronic diseases such as diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD). Expand
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References

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International tables of glycemic index.
TLDR
The purpose of these tables is to bring together all of the published data on the GIs of individual foods for the convenience of users and reduce unnecessary repetition in the testing of individual Foods and facilitate wider application of the GI approach. Expand
Glycemic index and serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration among us adults.
TLDR
Findings from a nationally representative sample of US adults suggest that high dietary glycemic index and high glycemic load are associated with a lower concentration of plasma HDL-C. Expand
Starchy Foods and Glycemic Index
TLDR
Different starchy foods produce different glycemic responses when fed individually, and there is some evidence that this also applies in the context of the mixed meal, and it has been suggested that the glycemic response should be indexed to a standard to allow comparisons to be made between the Glycemic index of foods tested in different groups of subjects. Expand
Low glycemic index carbohydrate foods in the management of hyperlipidemia.
Reduction in the mean glycemic index (GI) of diets of 12 hyperlipidemic patients from 82 +/- 1 to 69 +/- 2 units (p less than 0.001) for a 1 mo period resulted in a significant reduction in total andExpand
Glycemic index in the diet of European outpatients with type 1 diabetes: relations to glycated hemoglobin and serum lipids.
TLDR
This study in European patients with type 1 diabetes showed that a lower dietary GI is related to lower Hb A(1c) concentrations, independently of fiber intake. Expand
Glycemic and insulinemic responses after ingestion of ethnic foods by NIDDM and healthy subjects.
TLDR
The GI concept is valid and potentially useful in diet planning and legume foods should be incorporated as a carbohydrate source when diets are being planned for NIDDM subjects or individuals with impaired glucose tolerance. Expand
Rapidly available glucose in foods: an in vitro measurement that reflects the glycemic response.
TLDR
The significance of in vitro measurements of RAG in relation to glycemic response in human studies is shown and could serve as a tool for investigating the importance of the amount, type, and form of dietary carbohydrates for health. Expand
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
TLDR
The effect of different foods on the blood glucose levels was fed individually to groups of 5 to 10 healthy fasting volunteers, and a significant negative relationship was seen between fat and protein and postprandial glucose rise but not with fiber or sugar content. Expand
Dietary Fiber, Glycemic Load, and Risk of NIDDM in Men
TLDR
Findings support the hypothesis that diets with a high glycemic load and a low cereal fiber content increase risk of NIDDM in men and suggest that grains should be consumed in a minimally refined form to reduce the incidence of N IDDM. Expand
Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load, and breast cancer risk: a case-control study.
TLDR
This study supports the hypothesis of moderate, direct associations between glycemic index or glycemic load and breast cancer risk and, consequently, a possible role of hyperinsulinemia/insulin resistance in breast cancer development. Expand
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