International Union of Pharmacology. XXVII. Classification of Cannabinoid Receptors

@article{Howlett2002InternationalUO,
  title={International Union of Pharmacology. XXVII. Classification of Cannabinoid Receptors},
  author={Allyn C. Howlett and Francis Barth and Tom I. Bonner and G. Cabral and Pierre Casellas and William A. Devane and Christian C. Felder and Miles Herkenham and Ken Mackie and Billy R. Martin and Raphael Mechoulam and Roger G. Pertwee},
  journal={Pharmacological Reviews},
  year={2002},
  volume={54},
  pages={161 - 202}
}
Two types of cannabinoid receptor have been discovered so far, CB1 (2.1: CBD:1:CB1:), cloned in 1990, and CB2(2.1:CBD:2:CB2:), cloned in 1993. Distinction between these receptors is based on differences in their predicted amino acid sequence, signaling mechanisms, tissue distribution, and sensitivity to certain potent agonists and antagonists that show marked selectivity for one or the other receptor type. Cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 exhibit 48% amino acid sequence identity. Both receptor… 

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