International System and Technologies of Rebellion: How the End of the Cold War Shaped Internal Conflict

  title={International System and Technologies of Rebellion: How the End of the Cold War Shaped Internal Conflict},
  author={Stathis N. Kalyvas and Laia Balcells},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  pages={415 - 429}
Because they are chiefly domestic conflicts, civil wars have been studied primarily from a perspective stressing domestic factors. We ask, instead, whether (and how) the international system shapes civil wars; we find that it does shape the way in which they are fought—their “technology of rebellion.” After disaggregating civil wars into irregular wars (or insurgencies), conventional wars, and symmetric nonconventional wars, we report a striking decline of irregular wars following the end of… 
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