International Integration and National Corruption

@article{Sandholtz2003InternationalIA,
  title={International Integration and National Corruption},
  author={Wayne Sandholtz and Mark M. Gray},
  journal={International Organization},
  year={2003},
  volume={57},
  pages={761 - 800}
}
Abstract We argue that greater degrees of international integration lead to lower levels of corruption, which we define as the misuse of public office for private gain. We theorize that international factors affect a country's level of corruption through two principal channels. One acts through economic incentives, altering for various actors the costs and benefits of engaging in corrupt acts. The second mode is normative. Prevailing norms in international society delegitimate and stigmatize… 
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