International Crimes: Jus Cogens and Obligatio Erga Omnes, 59 L. & Contemp. Probs. 9-28 (1998), reprinted in 14 Nouvelles Etudes Penale 45-78 (1998), translated into French and published in Repression Nationale Des Violations du Droit International Humanitaire (Systemes Romano-Germaniques), Reunion

@inproceedings{Bassiouni1996InternationalCJ,
  title={International Crimes: Jus Cogens and Obligatio Erga Omnes, 59 L. \& Contemp. Probs. 9-28 (1998), reprinted in 14 Nouvelles Etudes Penale 45-78 (1998), translated into French and published in Repression Nationale Des Violations du Droit International Humanitaire (Systemes Romano-Germaniques), Reunion },
  author={M. Bassiouni},
  year={1996}
}
International crimes that rise to the level of jus cogens constitute obligatio erga omnes which are inderogable. Legal obligations which arise from the higher status of such crimes include the duty to prosecute or extradite, the nonapplicability of statutes of limitations for such crimes, the non-applicability of any immunities up to and including Heads of State, the non-applicability of the defense of “obedience to superior orders” (save as mitigation of sentence), the universal application of… Expand