Internalizing and externalizing problems in adolescence: general and dimension-specific effects of familial loadings and preadolescent temperament traits

@article{Ormel2005InternalizingAE,
  title={Internalizing and externalizing problems in adolescence: general and dimension-specific effects of familial loadings and preadolescent temperament traits},
  author={Johan Ormel and Albertine J. Oldehinkel and Robert Ferdinand and Catharina A. Hartman and Ashleigh de Winter and Ren{\'e} Veenstra and W. A. M. Vollebergh and Ruud B. Minderaa and Jan K. Buitelaar and Frank C. Verhulst},
  journal={Psychological Medicine},
  year={2005},
  volume={35},
  pages={1825 - 1835}
}
Background. We investigated the links between familial loading, preadolescent temperament, and internalizing and externalizing problems in adolescence, hereby distinguishing effects on maladjustment in general versus dimension-specific effects on either internalizing or externalizing problems. Method. In a population-based sample of 2230 preadolescents (10–11 years) familial loading (parental lifetime psychopathology) and offspring temperament were assessed at baseline by parent report, and… 
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