Internalized Stigma Among Sexual Minority Adults: Insights From a Social Psychological Perspective

@article{Herek2009InternalizedSA,
  title={Internalized Stigma Among Sexual Minority Adults: Insights From a Social Psychological Perspective},
  author={Gregory M. Herek and Jennifer Gillis and Jeanine C. Cogan},
  journal={Journal of Counseling Psychology},
  year={2009},
  volume={56},
  pages={32-43}
}
This article describes a social psychological framework for understanding sexual stigma, and it reports data on sexual minority individuals' stigma-related experiences. The framework distinguishes between stigma's manifestations in society's institutions (heterosexism) and among individuals. The latter include enacted sexual stigma (overt negative actions against sexual minorities, such as hate crimes), felt sexual stigma (expectations about the circumstances in which sexual stigma will be… Expand

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