Internal thoracic-carotid bypass surgery for Takayasu's arteritis.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Various carotid reconstructions have been used in Takayasu's arteritis (TA) to relieve brain ischemic insult. The indications and guidelines for surgical management, however, have remained poorly defined. The authors present a new reconstructive procedure using the sequential internal thoracic artery (ITA) as the donor for bypass surgery to… (More)

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