Internal model in articulatory control: Evidence from speaking without larynx

@article{Sorokin1998InternalMI,
  title={Internal model in articulatory control: Evidence from speaking without larynx},
  author={Victor Sorokin and Vladimir Olshansky and Leonid Kozhanov},
  journal={Speech Communication},
  year={1998},
  volume={25},
  pages={249-268}
}
Abstract A compensating ability of the articulatory control system for laryngectomized patients was studied. X-rays of the vocal tract and acoustic measurements were carried out on three patients before and after the operation, using the trachea – esophagus bypass. Within two weeks of the operation, the patients produced the Russian vowels / a, u, i / with formant frequencies closer to the phonetic norm than before the operation. After two years, two patients produced the vowels with normal… CONTINUE READING